This course explores the origins, glory days, and political collapse of the Aztec Empire and Maya civilizations. Students also study the cultural, political, sexual, and racial interactions of the Great Encounter between Mesoamericans and Europeans. Focus is on archaeology, mythology, human sacrifice, divine kingship, and transculturation in Mesoamerican and Latino cultures. The course has the added feature of online meetings that focus on ways Latino art, music, and dance utilize Aztec and Maya themes. Artists include Frida Kahlo, Dr. Loco, Son Jarocho, Gloria Anzaldúa, and Cherrie Moraga. Hands-on work with objects at the Peabody Museum aid in examining art, religion, costume, and gift exchange as well as new concepts of race, nation, and the persistence of Moctezuma's Mexico in Latino identities in the Mexico-US borderlands, such as La Virgen de Guadalupe and Days of the Dead. The recorded lectures are from the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences course Societies of the World 30.