Course description

Present-day environmental crises are examined from an historical and analytical perspectiveóinvestigating the contexts of these developing crises by exploring how past societies adapted or failed to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Only certain aspects of these developing environmental crises are completely under human control. As we begin to understand how the components of these crises arise function and interact our control over them is likely to increase. Part of this understanding must come from a consideration of the origin and development of these crises. Studying how earlier societies grappled with environmental crises of their own provides important developmental contexts for our problems and useful lessons on the importance of resilience and adaptation. Students may not count both ANTH S-1060 (offered previously) and ENVR S-148 for degree or certificate credit.


  • Special Education Tutor, Concord-Carlisle High School

Associated Schools

  • Harvard Division of Continuing Education

Enroll now.
Take course